Knowledge of mathematics is needed to study Physics. Mathematics is one of the main subjects taught in schools worldwide and covers almost every aspect of our life. It tries to understand patterns, use them to formulate theories and test them rigorously. In it simplest form mathematics involves using a set of rules called axioms to derive the results of following the rules - the theorems. Unlike science which describes the physical world and can be tested mathematics is abstract and can be checked only using logical rules.
The word mathematics is derived from the Greek word ""mathema"" for study or learning. In colloquial English it is called Math (American English) and Maths (rest of the world). Mathematics evolved as a series of abstractions over a period of time. The first abstraction was numbers.followed by arithmetic. Most early developments were related to commerce and taxation as it was necessary to calculate and track payments made and received accurately.